Busia County

Geography, Land-Use, Highlights, Population, Roads, Airports, Climate & National Monuments in Busia County


Geography of Busia County

The geography and the natural conditions of Busia County are largely reflective of the relief features of the surroundings Lake Victoria Catchment. Most parts of Busia County falls within the Lake Victoria Basin. The altitude is undulating and rises from about 1,130 ms above sea level at the shores of Lake Victoria to a maximum of about 1,500 ms in the Kocholia and North Teso Hills. The central part of Busia County, especially Butula and Nambale Sub counties, are occupied by a peneplain marked by low flat divides of approximately uniform height that are often capped by a lateritic and a shallowly incised swampy drainage system.

Land Use in Busia County

The central and southern parts of the County are suitable for maize, cotton and horticultural crops. Apart from the lower regions of Funyula and Bunyala to the south which require irrigation, a large section of Budalangi Sub-county towards the lower reaches of Rivers Nzoia and Yala are properly drainage and have high potential for agriculture. The average land holding size in Busia County is 2-Ha.

Highlights of Busia County

The characterful Kakapel Rock Art Monument in Teso North Sub-county and rocky hills of Kisoko are the main highlights in Busia County.  Lake Victoria Viewpoints, the beautiful stretch of Lake Victoria and neighbouring islands, beaches such as Marenga in Budalang’i sub-county, Bumbe and Busijo seen in Funyula Sub-county, rich cultural heritage, traditional dances, annual cultural gatherings, herbal medicine, artefacts and musical instruments all add value to Bunyala and Samia cultural centers as great tourist attractions to Busia County.

Population in Busia County

The 2012 population of Busia County was estimated to be 816,452 with females numbering 425,622 (53.13%) and the males 390,830 (47.87%) respectively. By the year 2017, the populace was estimated to have grown to a total of 953,337.  The most populous towns in Busia County are Busia and Malaba which meet the minimum population threshold of 10,000 people for an urban centre as per the Urban Areas and Cities Act 2011. Nambale, Bumala, and Port Victoria have populations of below 10,000 people. Busia County’s poverty level is at 64.22 %.


Brisge along Bumala-Port Sio Road.  Photo Courtesy
Bridge along Bumala-Port Sio Road. Image Courtesy of BCG

Airports in Busia County

Busia County has one airstrip located at Busia Town, currently not in use.

Roads in Busia County

Busia County has a total of 583.2 kms of roads managed by different authorities and agencies. Of these, 58.6 kms are of bitumen, 377.5 kms are gravel surface and earth surface roads cover 147.0 kms. The main roads are Kisumu-Busia and Bungoma-Malaba that are key for communication and for economic enterprise.

Climate in Busia County

The temperature around Busia County is more or less homogeneous. Annual mean maximum temperatures ranges between 26°C and 30°C while the mean minimum temperature ranges between 14°C and 22°C. Long rain peak between late March to late May, with short rains occurring between August and October.

Busia County Distance Chart
Busia County Distance Chart


National Monuments in Busia County

There are no designated national monuments in Busia County.


Busia County Map

Busia County Map